The Australian Eureka Flag (1854)
The Eureka flag was used by the gold miners at the Eureka Stockade at Ballarat, Victoria.
On 29 November 1854, the miners raised the flag and swore an oath to fight to defend their rights.
"we swear by the Southern Cross to stand truly by each other and fight to defend our rights and liberties."
They were protesting against the introduction of a miner's licence fee and other perceived political and economic injustices.
The Eureka Flag is important because of its early use of the Southern Cross, but not the Union Jack. It expressed a sense of identity growing out of the colonial period.
The five stars on the flag symbolise the constellation the Southern Cross, representing the stars Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon, which is the centre star.
The Southern Cross is a prominent constellation seen from the southern hemisphere. It denotes Australia’s geographical position in the world.
The Eureka flag continues to be used as a symbol of nationalism, having been revived by a wide variety of activists.
As prospectors we need to let the general community know that we are here, we are many we travel and support small town economies and we have a right to go about our hobby.
I encourage prospectors to raise a flag and raise awareness of our great hobby, more and more the pencil pushers are taking our locations away.
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